Reloved: from pants to high-waisted skirt

zero waste wardrobe

I picked up these former pirate-pants-culottes-what-the-heck-are-they-even? pants at a Relove Movement event the other month. I probably didn’t need them, but for some reason I gravitated to them. The lightweight cotton fabric would be perfect for summer coming up.

Except that they weren’t quite right. The legs were cut asymmetrically so they fell longer in the middle and the fabric bunched when I walked. I put them in my ‘to fix’ bucket to think about.

Maybe I could level off the legs, or cut them much shorter into, you know, shorts. Then I had the idea that the pants would make an excellent high waisted skirt. Probably since when I hung them up to take a look, they already looked like a skirt. The elastic waist could sit just under my chest, with plenty of length. I ripped out the seams on the inside pant legs myself to prototype – looked good. Now I needed to sew them back up the front and back to avoid flashing anyone.

I don’t have a sewing machine, so I took them to the tailor I often use, who charged my $18 to straighten out the lines and sew them up.If the cost sounds high, consider that it includes tax and Australian labour costs are high compared to North America. I like supporting small service businesses. They have skills we need to use or lose access to.



I am perfectly happy with how this turned out. I can tie a shirt up, or pull the skirt over the  top. The asymmetry, which I didn’t like before now enhances the flowing lines of the skirt. The length makes it easy to do a beachside bikini change, and thanks to the pattern, you’d never notice the seam running down the centre of the skirt.

Consider it reloved.

How to make corn tortillas without plastic

Corn tortillas were originally prepared from nixtamalized corn ground in a mill to make a dough. Today it’s simpler to make tortillas with instant corn flour, known as masa harina.

I started making corn tortillas long before I’d ever heard the term zero waste. My friend Christine taught me. I made them because they tasted good and were pretty simple to make. I continue to make them because they save me buying small packets of tortillas in plastic, and they taste so good when fresh.

zero waste tortillas

A tortilla press was the first piece of kitchen equipment I bought when I moved to Sydney, which I justified by making tortillas all the time. You don’t need to buy a press if you’re just experimenting – more on that later. I found a few places to source masa harina in paper rather than plastic. A one kilogram bag runs $6 and makes at least 60 tortillas (I make them smaller, so more still) and I can whip them up whenever I want.

It took trial and error to make them completely plastic free, since the usual method is to line the tortilla press with soft plastic. I’d clean and reuse the same ziploc bag, but still. Turns out that when my dough making skills I improved, I was able to switch to using parchment (I use a compostable brand). I’ve also tried without anything lining the press, but with no luck.

Ingredients for corn tortillas

  • 1 cup masa harina (instant corn flour)
  • 1 cup very warm water
  • pinch of salt

Some add a tablespoon of fat. I find it works either way. Alternatively, follow the recipe on the masa harina package. Some may differ slightly. It’s actually best to look at the dough texture as your guide and err on the side of less water, since you can always add more if it’s too dry.

Equipment to make corn tortillas

  • Tortilla press or try a baking sheet or a plate pressed onto a chopping board, or two baking sheets. If you’ve been to Mexico or any SoCal food market, you may have seen thicker style tortillas pressed by hand.
  • Sheet of compostable parchment paper, folded.
  • Cast iron pan or griddle.
  • Tortilla warmer or a bamboo steamer and tea towel. I scored this tortilla warmer from the local Vinnies for $4, and have seem them twice more secondhand. Anything is possible!

Method to make corn tortillas

To make the dough, combine the dry ingredients, then add the very warm, nearly hot water and mix with a fork.

It’ll start crumbly, but don’t add more water, just keep working the dough.

Knead the dough in the bowl until it resembles fresh playdough, which should take about a minute. Test by making a ball the size of a golf ball and squishing it – it shouldn’t crack.

Cover and let the dough sit for at least 20 minutes in the fridge, but an hour is better. You want the flour to fully rehydrate. I think chilling the dough might help the tortilla to puff up in the pan. You don’t need plastic wrap to cover. You could use a beeswax wrap, a damp cloth, or put the dough in an enclosed container, like I did.

To cook the tortillas, make balls from the rested dough. I like smaller tortillas, so my balls are ¾ of the size of a golf ball. Place the parchment on the press so it covers both sides and put the ball between the sheets and then press.

Remove the flattened tortilla by peeling it away from the parchment. If it’s difficult to peel away from the parchment, it could be you’ve pressed it too thinly. Just gather up the dough, roll into a ball and try again.

Place the tortilla onto the hot cast iron pan or griddle plate of a barbecue for about a minute. Flip to the second side for 30 seconds, then flip back to the first side. Now, press gently down on the centre of the tortilla with your finger to encourage the tortilla to puff. The puff tells you it’s nicely cooked through, but I don’t always achieve it.

Hard to see, but it was starting to puff here..

Remove from the pan and wrap in a tea towel inside a tortilla warmer or a bamboo steamer. The steaming it gets makes it pliable and keeps your tortillas warm.


My favourite non-dairy milk

zero waste hemp milk

Before I tell you about my favourite non-dairy milk, let me clarify that I still consume some dairy milk. Not often. I use it to make yogurt or milk kefir. There is another milk drinker in the house, who drinks it everyday on his morning cereal. We are lucky to be able to refill dairy milk in glass at Harris Farms, but still don’t accomplish this 100% of the time. And sometimes we don’t notice we’re out of milk until the morning, when a trip to the store is out of the question. So this alternative milk helps in a pinch.

Adventures in nut milks

The first time I made almond milk, I couldn’t believe how delicious it tasted. I’d only tried the thin tasteless versions from a Tetrapack before then and wasn’t impressed. I’ll make almond milk now and again. It tastes great in cold brew where I find the nutty flavour pairs well with the coffee.

I’ve since learned to make soy milk, coconut milk, oat milk, macadamia nut milk, and various combinations thereof. They’re all decent to pretty good tasting options. It’s handy to be able to whip up small amounts of coconut milk from dried shreds and spare a tin from the recycling.

I also like nut milks because they help me minimize waste. I can get the whole ingredients from the bulk bins, so there’s minimal end-of-pipe packaging waste. There’s also presumably less land and water use from choosing plant rather than animal products. Usually I’m able to buy Australian grown.

Overall, my gripe about nut milks is the straining step (I already skip the soaking step). It dirties more dishes, and forces me to find uses for the pulp. Soy milk is the worst. It has to be cooked, makes a mess of the pot and creates a shocking amount of okara. Because nut milks only last a few days in the fridge, a constant supply would require small batches every few days, and a new batch of pulp each time. Too much work!

zero waste hemp milk

Which is why I really like hemp milk – a non-dairy milk made from hemp hearts. Hemp hearts have only recently been approved for human consumption in Australia. They have a mild taste and create a nice creaminess when blended with water into a milk – enough to satisfy the palate of someone raised on dairy milk. The best part though? No soaking and no straining.

How to make hemp milk

I eyeballed this recipe until I wrote this post, at which point I measured things for you.

Basic recipe for hemp milk

Use 1 heaping Tablespoon of hemp seeds per cup of water. Blitz until smooth in a high speed blender, and enjoy. No straining required. Stores in the fridge for a couple of days.

zero waste hemp milk

Vanilla hemp milk

To the basic recipe, I add 1/2 a large date per 2 cups water and a sprinkle of vanilla protein powder before blending. This goes nicely over porridge. You could substitute vanilla powder or extract for the protein powder – it’s just what I had on hand.

buckwheat porridge
My favourite buckwheat porridge topped with granola, cinnamon, banana, tahini and vanilla hemp milk.

A tip for cold milk. If you want your hemp milk chilled right out of the blender, substitute ice cubes for half of the water.

To make it creamier. Reduce the proportion of water to hemp seeds.

I’m not qualified to say whether this is better or worse for you nutritionally than dairy milk. And to be totally honest, I’m happy to set food and health politics aside and simply say that it passes my taste test and my waste test.

So hemp milk, I like it. It can be whipped up at a moment’s notice without packaging. My partner will happily drink it, there is no pulp to strain and deal with. It’s so easy to make that even my partner could make it for himself, if he wasn’t so lazy.

I was curious about the affordability, so I calculated the per litre cost. One Tablespoon per cup is 45g of hemp seeds per litre, which works out to $2.70/litre based on the current retail price of $60 AUD per kilo. It’s less than the $3/litre refills of dairy milk, and not much more than the cheaper dairy milk you’d find at the major supermarkets (I’m ignoring the $1 milk because it’s insanity). Financial costs aside, the convenience of not having to leave the house when you’re out of something is priceless.

Does zero waste cost more?

Nada Grocery Vancouver

Is a low waste lifestyle more expensive than life as usual? In this post I’m looking at a few ways ‘zero waste’ can seem to set us financial traps, and I offer some strategies to counter overspending in the name of sustainable living.

In theory it should cost less to use fewer resources, but in reality there are times where doing the right thing can cost more. Here I’m talking mostly about financial costs, though there are, of course, time considerations. To that I’ll just briefly say that while some people may rationally anticipate it’s going to take heaps more time to live low waste, I don’t find it does. Initially, sure, there’s a learning curve. Over time I’ve found living the way I do streamlines my life and improves the quality.

I want to acknowledge that I am a healthy, financial stable, white person with free time and significant autonomy over my choices. I can’t change the fact that I’ve had all the advantages in life, so I’ll speak from my perspective and promise to listen to yours. It’d be a mistake to dismiss voices like mine when there is reason to believe we’re amongst the most wasteful. A study of food waste showed that households earning over $100K a year are one of the most wasteful groups. In Sydney, that income is actually a little lower than the median. My interpretation and theory is that those who feel less pain from wasting resources will waste more resources. And if we’re a wasteful bunch with the time and money to reduce household waste by changing our shopping and consumption habits, let’s do it. It doesn’t preclude us from also working to make zero waste more equitable and accessible to low income communities through support for policies like container deposit schemes and bag bags.

Alright, let’s get into some of the financial challenges of zero waste and strategies to overcome them.

Financial trap #1: Shopping at bulk food stores can be expensive.

There are many flavours of bulk stores – coops, health food shops, regular grocers with a bulk section and discount bulk shops. Here in Sydney, Australia, we have a number of chain and independent bulk stores where you can shop with your own containers, but they are not the discount variety. Most focus on organic, local and specialty foods, or some combination thereof, which can make shopping in bulk more expensive than buying packaged, conventional, far away foods from Coles or Woolies. I’ll admit I’ve had sticker shock on occasional with bulk store purchases, but I’ve learned a few things that help me stick to a reasonable food budget.

zero waste granola
Why not make your own granola?

My tips

  • Look for coops, or buying groups, which are member run and not for profit. These will often offer a discount if you volunteer or become a member.
  • Try farmers markets, which will often have a bulk foods vendor. I’ve found these spots to be better priced.
  • Ethnic food stores were some of my go-to bulk stops when I lived in Vancouver, but sadly, I don’t live near in Sydney’s Eastern Suburbs.
  • If you’re lucky enough to have a selection of bulk shops to choose from, take notes on the best pricing for your favourite items.
  • Focus your shopping on low cost and nutritious staple foods, like red lentils and buckwheat. Leave the trendy mermaid powders and mushroom teas alone, or try a scant amount to see if you like it before overbuying.
  • Paying attention to the price per kilo can help you avoid overbuying expensive items. The denser the food and the higher the price per kilo, the more sparingly I buy it.
  • Processed food is always more expensive, whether unpackaged or in bulk. Consider making your own granola rather than buying ready-made.
  • If you will eat 10 kilos of rice and have the space at home, consider buying a 10 kilo bag of rice and recycling the wrapping. It’s not much difference in net waste than shopping in a bulk store, and it’ll be cheaper.
  • Make sure you’re taring your containers properly and check your tally as they’re being rung up, or on the receipt before you leave the store. Mistakes can happen and this is a good way to correct any accidental overcharges before you leave.
  • If you can’t afford bulk shop prices, look for the packaged goods with the best recycling outcomes in your area.
  • My last tip is about reframing. I significantly changed the way I perceive the cost of food since reading the Omnivore’s Dilemma. At the time, I was still food shopping like a uni student (saving my money for drinking, ha) and the book guided me to think about the long term consequences of buying cheap food on my health and the soil. Food is precious, and I buy the best quality I can afford.

Financial trap #2: Eco consumables can be expensive

Biodegradable and refillable dental floss is expensive you guys. There is no denying it. Some products like this probably cost more to produce, and others might simply be mining a niche because we’ll pay more. For example, I’ve spent too much money on dish scrubbers that have either turned out to be greenwash, or conversely, a little too biodegradable, falling apart mere days after I started using them.

zero waste dental floss
Refillable, biodegradable floss exists, but at what cost?

My tips:

  • Don’t feel you need to go all or nothing. I wrote about participation> perfectionism as it relates to dental floss, but the same thinking applies to other products. Be mindful of your own financial limits and wellbeing.
  • Ask yourself whether something is truly better, or more sustainable. Often it’s not, but marketed to be. Most single-use ‘eco’ plastics designed to replace petroleum plastics fall under this category.
  • Calculate your actual costs. When I wondered how affordable it really was to buy Who Gives A Crap toilet paper, the brand that builds toilets for those who need them, I tracked how long it lasted. Turns out 48 rolls lasts over 18 months at my house, so I’m paying an affordable $32/year to buy TP. I googled some Woolworth’s brands for comparison and found 12 packs for $9, which comes to $36 for 48 rolls.
  • If a product claim sounds too good to be true, it might be. Don’t be afraid to inquire with sellers to check that they understand the materials used in their products. You’d be surprised how often goods are mass produced overseas and then white-labelled under various brand names, giving the seller limited control over the production process or insight into materials being used.
  • Can you make the thing instead of buying pre-made? We don’t usually need separate surface, bathroom and kitchen cleaners, and buying eco-cleaners can be pricey. Simple unbranded ingredients like castile soap and vinegar are cost-effective multi-taskers. I don’t buy things like reusable makeup remover pads or special cleaning rags because I can make my own for no cost. I also make a few DIY products, like mascara, deodorant, lip balm, and the best hydrating serum I’ve ever used. It’s a cheap and convenient practice for me that honestly takes less time than shopping for these things. If you’re buying, use every last drop in the container.
  • Consider what products you can skip buying altogether. I have vastly simplified my face and body routine over the last ten years to my financial benefit. I use less volume of product, and fewer products, I am more accepting of myself and ‘need’ less gunk to face the world (I’m keeping concealer though…).

Financial trap #3: Zero waste food storage containers are pricey

Blame picture perfect Instagram pantries for stoking our collective desire for perfectly matching sets of glass jars. I’ve bought a few new containers over the years, but the majority of what I use are from the recycling bin, salvaged plastic containers or containers I’ve scored from secondhand shops. I.e cheap.

Free glass jar from the recycling.

My tips:

  • Make the op shop your first stop. It’s a great place to find glass Pyrex containers and flip top jars.
  • If you want to invest in new containers, consider your needs specifically, rather than focusing how it will look on your shelf. If I had my time again I would skip Weck jars, which I’ve broken too easily and have too many parts and fussy clips. I favour Mason jars because I can make sprouts, ferment veggies, store food, and travel with them without leaks. All practices that save me money. I cherish my stainless steel Onyx containers because they are leakproof and lightweight, two essentials for biking to work with lunch and my laptop on my back. I didn’t run out and buy these items all at once, I really thought about what purpose they’d be for, and I only bought them when my other solutions (op shop finds and recycled jars) didn’t work as well.

Financial trap #4: Reusables require an upfront investment

Affordability is relative, and I feel frustrated for anyone who is not able to make investments in reusables. I wish there were instant government rebates on reusables. How cool would that be? Or at the very least, end of year tax rebates. Because the return on investment can be significant.

Let’s take menstrual products for example. Without completely knowing they would work for me, I spent almost $100 on reusables: $60 for the cup and $38 for three reusable pads. However, over five years, I will save $400 that I used to spend on tampons.

Coffee cups are another example of a one time investment generating a yield over time. You can save up to $0.50 on a coffee at Responsible Cafes on each visit. If your reusable cup cost $20, it’ll have paid for itself after 40 uses, and everything from there on is pure savings.

My money saving reusable coffee cup.

My tips:

  • Consider the total lifespan of the reusables to get a sense of how much you’re saving longer term. This can help you decide if something is worth it. In many cases, I’ve found significant financial advantages to reusables.
  • Make investments as you’re able to. Don’t feel pressure to do everything right away and take your time to research the best solution for you.
  • When in doubt, try the op shop. You won’t find menstrual products, but you can often find inexpensive reusable cups, thermos flasks, and pieces of cutlery for your on-the-go kit.

Financial trap #5: Repairing things can be costly

Repairing goods to keep them in use is a great way to avoid the impacts of new manufacturing, like mining, chemical discharge and transportation emissions. But it also saves money to put off new purchases as long as possible. Sometimes repair costs can seem high compared to the cost to buying new. The solution is partially to change our mindset, but also to uncover community resources available to help you repair something.

shoe repair after

My tips:

  • Consider the value of your time. If I have a pair of shoes that fit me well, and I like, why would I want to waste time searching for a new pair then breaking them in (UGH) when I could just have my favourite back? Browsing a shopping centre, physical or online, is my nightmare. Repairing my cherished items saves me time and mental effort.
  • Consider also who is benefiting from your spending choices – is it a small family business who will probably recirculate the money locally, or is it an overseas company that will take the money into a different economy?
  • Recognise when mental accounting is convincing you to overspend to have ‘new’. I took a broken stick vacuum that a friend was giving away and paid $150 to replace the broken handheld unit. I could frame it as spending $150 on a repair, or as getting a like new vacuum worth $300 for half price.
  • Learn to repair at least some stuff yourself. I sew buttons, mend holes and do basic maintenance on my clothing. If it’s beyond my skills, I’ll take it to a tailor. Little hole-in-the-wall tailors are always cheaper than mall tailors.
  • Take advantage of free repair services offered by companies like Nudie and Patagonia.
  • Check for repair cafes and bike maintenance workshops in your area. These are often free and supported by councils.
  • Do you have a friend, neighbour or someone in your network with the skills to help? My boss’ son enjoys taking electronics apart, and was excited to fix my broken hair dryer.
  • Does your town have a local exchange network? These are networks that operate with alternative currencies, usually based on community contributions. Try Sydney LETS if you’re local.

Not only do I believe zero waste living doesn’t have to cost more overall, I know that it’s equipped me with the skills to save money. The best way to save money while living zero waste is to slow the new and/or unnecessary inputs, in whatever way makes most sense to you. Use less, use what you have for longer, find value in the secondhand and buy the best quality you can afford. Don’t sweat it if your bandaids aren’t biodegradable!

My usual response to anyone who’s concerned about the cost of zero waste is stay out of the shops. The more time more you spend browsing retail, even the lovely eco stores with the natural fibres, the more likely you are to buy something you don’t need. I’m not against buying new goods, but I know if I spent more time at the mall, I would spend more, simple as that. I’ve cut unnecessary purchases by considering what I actually need before going into environments where it’s the seller’s job to persuade me to buy. This is why I don’t link to products on this site – encouraging anyone to shop is the opposite of what I’m trying to do.

How can you tell if something is a need or a want? My rule is that if I buy something new (even secondhand), I need to start using the crap out of it right away. If I can’t see myself doing that, it’s probably a passing want, not a need.

What’s your biggest financial concern about zero waste and low waste living? If you have any other tips and tricks to add, I’d love to hear in the comments.